Education, Research, and Training

ENPOST Forest Conservation (EFC) is a division of ENPOST. EFC is located at Ido-Ijesa in Ilesa, Nigeria. The forest which covers a land area of about 2km by 1km, contains over one hundred species of fully-grown naturally bred and preserved trees. There are several trees of each species in the farm. The trees are of ecological, botanical, economical, pharmaceutical, and medicinal importance. These features make EFC a unique nature conservation site. The trees are all numbered, labelled and tagged. ENPOST Forest Conservation has attracted scientists, researchers, students, journalists and tourists from many parts of the world.
Some of the trees species available include but not limited to

Tag No: 1
Botanical names: Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Family: palmae
Common names: oil-palm (English); huile de palme (French); ope, igi ope, nkwu, akwe, ake, kwakwar (Nigeria).
Uses:
The young leaf is used for the treatment of stomach troubles and the kernel oil for skin infections.
The fruit is a source of cooking oil.

Tag no: 2
Botanical name: Sterculia tragacantha Lindl.
Family: Sterculiaceae
Common names: African tragacanth (English); alawefon (Yoruba, Nigeria).
Uses:
The bark is used for the treatment of dropsy, oedema and gout.
The leaf is used to treat rheumatism, paralysis, epilepsy and convulsions.
Tag no: 3
Botanical name: Ricinodendron heudelotii (Baill.) Pierre
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Common names: African nut tree (English); erin mado (Yoruba, Nigeria); waawan kurmii (Hausa, Nigeria); okwe (Igbo, Nigeria); erinmadu epo (Edo, Nigeria).
Uses:
The wood is used for insulation, the sawdust for sun helmets.
The sap is used for the treatment of filaria and ophthalmias.
Tag no: 4
Botanical name: Theobroma cacao Linn.
Family: Sterculiaceae
Common names: cacao, cocoa (English); cacoyer (French); kokoo (Ghana); koko (Nigeria).
Uses:
The seed is used for making drinks, beverages; and as condiments, spices and flavourings.
Tag no: 5
Botanical name: Raphia hookeri Mann &Wendl.
Family: Palmae
Common names: raphia palm (English); ayon udin (Edo, Nigeria); ogoro (Yoruba, Nigeria).
Uses:
The plant yields alcoholic drink.
The mesocarp is used for the treatment of stomach troubles; and as laxatives.
Tag no: 6
Botanical names: Baphia pubescence Hock.f.
Family: Leguminosae
Common names: Benin Camwood (English); biosde cam (French); awewi, urohun,
maajigii (Nigeria)
Uses:
The stem bark is used for treating urinary tract disorder as emetics and antimicrobial
The sap for eye treatments.
Tag no: 7
Botanical name: Anthocleista djalonensis a Chev.
Family: Loganiaceae
Common names: farkali dafita (Guinea); cabbage tree (English); sapo (Nigeria)
Uses:
The root is used as arbortifacients, ecbolics, pain-killers and antidotes for venomous stings and bites.
The bark and root are used for the treatment of rashes, eczema, diabetes, abdominal pains; as antipyretic and purgative.
Tag no: 8
Botanical name: Pterocarpus mildbraedii Harms
Family: Leguminosae
Common names: African rosewood (English); aguaya (Ivory Coast); urube (Edo, Nigeria); madoobiyaa (Hausa, Nigeria); oha ojii (Igbo, Nigeria).
Uses:
The bark exudations produce gums and resins.
The leaf is used for food.
Tag no: 9
Botanical name: Harrungana madagascariensis Lam. Ex Poir.
Family: Guttiferae
Common names: Dragon blood tree (English); asunje (Yoruba, Nigeria); uturu (Igbo, Nigeria); alillibar raafii (Hausa, Nigeria)
Uses:
The stem bark, root bark, leaves and sap are used for the treatment of dysentery, piles, trypanosomiasis, fever, cold, jaundice, scaies, black tongue, urinary fistula, ringworm; and as haemostatic and emetic.
Tag no: 10
Botanical names: Bridelia micrantha (Hochst) Bail
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Common names: Asa, araasa (Yoruba, Nigeria) Oga ofia (Igbo, Nigeria); Edebe (Nigeria)
Uses:
The young leaves are chewed for headache
The wood is hard, durable and termite-proof, and used for boat building
The bark is used for stomach- ache and obstinate constipation.
Tag no: 11
Botanical name: Dracaena arborea (Willd.) Link
Family: Dracaenaceae
Common names: Dracaena (English); ope kannakanna; peregun, akuku (Nigeria)
Uses:
The roots, leaves and fruits are used for the treatment of skin infections, stomachache and caries.
Tag no: 12
Botanical names: Anthonotha macrophylla P. Beauv.
Family: Leguminosae
Common names: palissandre d’ Afrique (French); abara, apado(Nigeria)
Uses:
The bark is used for treating gonorrhoea, dysentery,diarrhoea and yellow fever.
The leaf is a source of dyes and stains.
Tag no: 13
Botanical name: Funtumia ebrifu (Preuss) Stapf.
Family: Apocynaceae
Common names: African rubber tree, wild rubber (English); mba (Igbo, Nigeria); ire (Yoruba, Nigeria)
Uses:
The tree produces rubber.
The bark is used for the treatment of haemorrhoids, blennorrhoea and painful menstruation.
Tag no: 14
Botanical name: Trichilia djalonis A. Chev.
Family: Meliaceae
Common names: banayi (Trade name)
Uses:
The bark is used for the treatment of rheumatism, skin infections, dropsy, oedema; and as pain-killers and sedatives.
The timber is used for building materials, carving and musical instruments.
Tag no: 15
Botanical names: Bombax buonopozense P. Beauv
Family: Bombacaceae
Common names: African bombax (English), Eso, olokododo, ponpola, gurjiya, akpe, ape otokoro (Nigeria).
Uses:
The bark, leaves, fruits and flowers are used for stomach ache, blood tonic, emmenagogue, and emollient.
Tag no: 16
Botanical name: Manihot glaziovii Mull-Arg.
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Common names: Tree cassava (English); agbeli ngwa (Ghana); Igi-isana (Yoruba, Nigeria)
Uses:
The latex is used as glue for paper.
The leaf contain hydrogen cyanide.
Tag no: 17
Botanical name: Myrianthus arboreus P. Beauv.
Family: Cecropiaceae
Common names: nfohwe (Ghana); gbalue (Guinea); ihi egbe (Edo); ujuju (Igbo, Nigeria); ewe ade (Yoruba, Nigeria).
Uses:
The bark is used for the treatment of dysentery, cough, tumour; and as anthelmintics.
The wood-ash is used for making soap.
Tag no: 18
Botanical name: Albizia adianthifolia (Schum.) W. Wight
Family: Leguminosae
Common names: West African Albizia (English); banabana, ayinreta, igbabo, afema, avu, kurmii (Nigeria)
Uses:
The bark is used for treating arthritis, rheumatism, naso-paryngeal infections and as pain-killers.
The timber is used for building materials and carpentry.
Tag no: 19
Botanical name: Mangifera indica Linn.
Family: Anacardiaceae
Common names: Mango (English); jangolo (Cameroons); mano (Ghana); mangoro (Yoruba, Nigeria); mangwaro (Hausa, Nigeria) Mangolo (Igbo, Nigeria)
Uses:
The leaf is used for the treatment of asthma and bronchitis
The bark has astringent properties, used for treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery
The wood produces high quality charcoal.
Tag no: 20
Botanical name: Alstonia boonei De Wild.
Family: Apocynacea
Common names: alstonia (English); Emien (French); bokuka (Cameroons); ebrifu (Ghana); ahun (Yoruba, Nigeria); egbu ora (Igbo, Nigeria)
Uses:
The bark is used for the treatment of malaria.
The root, bark and leaves are used for treating filarial worms, yellow fever; as anthelmintics, antidotes; and for breast development.
Tag no: 21
Botanical name: Ficus lutea Vahl.
Family: Moraceae
Common names: Fig tree (English)
Uses:
The bark is used for the treatment of leprosy, nasopharyngeal infections and stomach troubles.
The latex contains tannins and astringents.
Tag no: 22
Botanical name: Anthocleista liebrechsiana De Wild &Th. Dur.
Family: Loganiaceae
Common names: cabbage tree (English); sapo, kwari (Nigeria)
Uses:
The leaves and bark are used for the treatment of skin nfections and as purgative
The leaves are also used for tobacco & snuff.
Tag no: 23
Botanical name: Uapaca paludosa Aubre & Leandr.
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Common names: rikio des marais (French); kuntan-nua (Ghana); gagara (Nigeria).
Uses:
The root is used for flu with headache, fever and pains.
Tag no: 24
Botanical name: Morinda lucida Benth.
Family: Rubiaceae
Common names: brimstone tree (English); uhon (Ivory Coast); hojologbo (Sierra Leone); oruwo, eruwo, eze ogu, ngisi (Nigeria).
Uses:
The wood is used for building materials and carpentry.
The leaf is used for the treatment of leprosy, pulmonary troubles, tumours; and as vermifuges and sedatives.
Tag no: 25
Botanical name: Daniellia ogea (Harms) Rolfe
Family: Leguminosae
Common names: frankincense trees, copal tree (English); iya, ojia (Nigeria)
Uses:
The stem-wood dust is used for treating scabies.
The timber is used for building and carpentry.
Tag no: 26
Botanical name: Petersianthus macrocarpus (P. Beauv.) Liben
Family: Lecythidaceae
Common names: stinkwood tree (English); abale (French); tufa (Sierra Leone); akasun,upi (Nigeria).
Uses:
The stem twigs are used for the treatment of chronic bronchitis, lumbago and headache.
The bark contain glycosides, saponims and steroids.
Tag no: 27
Botanical name: Psidium guajava Linn.
Family: Myrtaceae
Common names: guava (English); goyavier (French); guayaba (Senegal); guafa (Nigeria).
Uses:
The bark produces dyes and stains.
The leaf is used for the treatment of haemorrhoids, skin infections, smallpox and measles.
Tag no: 28
Botanical name: Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Walp.
Family: Leguminosae
Common names: gliricidia (English); agunmaniye (Yoruba, Nigeria)
Uses:
The leaf is used for insecticides and arachnicides.
The leaf, bark and root are used in the treatment of skin infections.

Tag no: 29
Botanical names: Cola nitida (Vent.) Schott & Endl.
Family: Sterculiaceae
Common names: kola (English); bakuru (Senegal); obi gbanja (Yoruba, Nigeria)
Uses:
The stem bark, seed and kernel are used for the treatment of diarrhoea, eye trouble, cardiac trouble; and as stimulant and diuretic.
The leaf is used for making tobacco and snuff

Tag no: 30
Botanical name: Distemonanthus benthamianus Bail
Family: Leguminosae
Common names: African satin wood (English); arbre des sorciers (French); diaka-kone (Sierra Leone); ayan (Nigeria)
Uses:
The root and wood are sources of dyes and stains
The bark is used for the treatment of blood disorders, cutaneous and subcutaneous parasitic infections.

Tag no: 31
Botanical name: Trichilia megalantha Harms
Family: Meliaceae
Common names: apayae (Ghana); mutigbanaye (Ivory Coast).
Uses:
Tag no: 32
Botanical names: Citrus reticulate Blanco
Family: Rutaceae
Common names: tangerine (English); mandarinier (French); tanjarinu (Nigeria)
Uses: The fruit is used for making juice and drinks
Tag no: 33
Botanical name: Mammea ebrifug Sabine
Family: Guttiferae
Common names: mammae apple (English); abicolier d’ Afrique (French); ologbomodu (Yoruba, Nigeria); ukutu (Igbo, Nigeria)
Uses:
The seed contain fatty acids
The root bark, stem ebrifug and fruit are used for the treatment of parasitic skin diseases, syphilis, convulsion and dysmenorrhoea
Tag no: 34
Botanical name: Plukenetia conophora Mull-Arg.
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Common names: African walnut (English); awusa, asala (Yoruba, Nigeria); ukpa (Igbo, Nigeria).
Uses:
The kernel is used for the treatment of malnutrition and debility.
Tag no: 35
Botanical names: Cola acuminate (P. Beauv.) Scott & Endl.
Family: Sterculiaceae
Common names: true kola (English); coleira (Portuguese); obi-gidi (Yoruba, Nigeria); oji (Igbo, Nigeria)
Uses:
The nuts are used in the treatment of malaria, fever; and asstimulant.
The bark is used for the treatment of pulmonary troubles, stomach troubles, diarrhoea and dysentery.
Tag no: 36
Botanical name: Discoglypremna caloneura (Pax) Prain
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Common names: akikaagba (Yoruba, Nigeria); obinwaanyi (Igbo, Nigeria); ogwam-dua (Ghana)
Uses: the seed sre used for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, catharsis, abortion; and as purgative.
Tag no: 37
Botanical name: Anthocleista vogelii Planch.
Family:Loganiaceae
Common names: cabbage tree (English); samakombo (Sierra Leone); apa oro, sapo, kwari (Nigeria)
Uses:
The seed and bark are used as purgative and antidote for snake bite.
The leaves are used as abrasives, cleaners; for tobacco and snuff.
Tag no: 38
Botanical name: Macaranga barteri Mull.-Arg.
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Common names: macaranga (English); akafekafei (Ghana); owariwa (Igbo, Nigeria); araasa (Yoruba, Nigeria)
Uses:
The bark and leaves are used for the treatment of dysentery, cough, boils, bruises, black tongue, irregular menstruation, urinary disorder; and for breast engorgement.
Tag no: 39
Botanical name: Trichilia prieureana A. Juss.
Family: Meliaceae
Common names: monkey apple (English).
Uses:
The bark is used as laxatives, vermifuges and antidotes for venomous stings and bites.
Tag no: 40
Botanical name: Maraanga heudetolii Baill
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Common names: apazia (Ghana); butompo (Sierra Leone); asawewe (Nig)
Uses:
The plant is use for the treatment of diarroea and dysentery.
Tag no: 41
Botanical name: Margaritaria discoidea (Bail) Webster
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Common names: Pepea (Ghana); bafla (Dahomey); diombi (Ivory Coast); aseivin (Edo, Nigeria); isi mkpi (Igbo, Nigeria); Awewe (Yoruba, Nigeria).
Uses:
The root is used for the treatment of stomachache, heart pains, schistosomiasis, gonorrhoea and abscesses.
The plant yields many alkaloids which include phylochrysine and securinine.
Tag no: 42
Botanical name: Homalium longistylum Mast.
Family: Flacourtiaceae
Common names: ofam (Ghana); ako hissi (Ivory Coast); kalado (Edo, Nigeria); akoledo (Yoruba, Nigeria)
Uses:
The tree is used for fence-posts and poles.
Tag no: 43
Botanical names: Cleistopholis patens (Benth) Engl. & Diels
Family: Annonacaceae
Common names: salt-and-oil tree (English); fifiriwa (Ghana); baledia (Togo); apako (Yoruba, Nigeria); ojo (Igbo, Nigeria)
Uses:
The leaf and bark are used for treating coughs, respiratory diseases, tuberculosis; and as anthelmintics, antipyretic and purgative.
The timber is used for carpentry works.
Tag no: 44
Botanical name: Musanga cecropioides R. Br.
Family: Cecropiaceae
Common names: cork wood (English); odzuma (Ghana); pedo (Guinea); aga agbawo (Yoruba, Nigeria); ulu (Igbo, Nigeria).
Uses:
The bark sap and root sap are used for the treatment of stomach troubles, blennorrhoea, cough and chest infections, sleeping sickness, leprosy, fevers; and to stimulate lactation.
Tag no: 45
Botanical names: Cola millenii K. Schum.
Family: Sterculiaceae
Common names: monkey kola (English); ananse adodowa (Ghana); obi-edun (Yoruba, Nigeria)
Uses:
The leaf and fruit are used for treating ringworms, scabies, gonorrhoea, dysentery and ophthalmia.
Tag no: 46
Botanical names: Ceiba pentandra (Linn) Gaertn.
Family: Bombacaceae
Common names: cotton tree (English); fromager (French); enyaa (Ghana); rimi (Hausa, Nigeria); akpu (Igbo, Nigeria); araba (Yoruba, Nigeria)
Uses:
The pod ash is used for tobacco and snuff.
The leaf is used as sedatives and to kill tumours.
The bark and root are used for treating leprosy.
Tag no: 47
Botanical name: Trilepisium madagascriense DC.
Family: Moraceae
Common names: daocu (Ivory Coast); saworo (Yoruba, Nigeria).
Uses:
The latex is used for eye reatments.
The wood is a source of dyes, stains and tattoos.
Tag no: 48
Botanical name: Pseudospondias microcarpa (A. Rich.) Engl.
Family: Anacardiaceae
Common names: a-katawani (Ghana); kuro (Sierra Leone); blekure (Ivory Coast); rimin kuroni (Hausa, Nigeria); okikan aja (Yoruba, Nigeria).
Uses:
The wood is used for building materials.
The bark is used for the treatment of arthritis, nasopharyngeal infections; and as sedatives and pain-killers.
The bark produces gums and resins.
Tag no: 49
Botanical name: Strombosia pustulata Oliv.
Family: Olacaceae
Common names: afina (trade name); poe ( Ivory Coast); koru (Sierra Leone); itako (Nigeria).
Uses:
The sap yields gums and resins.
The timber is used for building materials and carpentry.
Tag no: 50
Botanical name: Newbouldia laevis Seem.
Family: Bignoniaceae
Common names: tree of life, fertility tree (English); sesemasa (Ghana); gbotu (Ivory Coast); ogirisi (Igbo, Nigeria); akoko (Yoruba, Nigeria); aduruku (Hausa, Nigeria).
Uses:
The bark is used for making tobacco and snuff.
The bark, root and leaves are used for the treatment of roundworms, elephantiasis, dysentery, malaria, convulsions, migraine, yellow fever, hernia, infertility and ear ache.
Tag no: 51
Botanical name: Coelocaryon preussii Warb.
Family: Myristicaceae
Common names: glonasagluu (Liberia); umoghan eze (Edo, Nigeria); kpei (Sierra Leone).
Uses:
The wood is used for carpentry.
The bark yields gums and resins.
Tag no: 52
Botanical name: Rauvolfia vomitoria Afzel.
Family: Apocynaceae
Common names: swizzle stick (English); kaka penpen (Ghana); wada (Hausa, Nigeria); akanta (Igbo, Nigeria); asofeyeje (Yoruba, Nigeria).
Uses:
The bark contains arachnicides and insecticides; tannins and astringents.
The root is used as medicines for jaundice; and as arbortifacients, vermifuges, and sedatives.
Tag no: 53
Botanical name: Amphimas pterocarpoides Harms
Family: Leguminosae
Common names: bokanga (trade); koliyombo (Sierra Leone); orohun (Yoruba, Nigeria)
Uses:
The bark is used in the treatment for diarrhoea, dysentery, venereal diseases, yaws; and as vermifuges.
It is a source of gums and resins.
Tag no: 54
Botanical name: Albizia zygia (DC) JF Macbride
Family: Leguminosae
Common names: West African albizia (English); nongo(trade name); tikor (Senegal); ayinre ebr, kurmii (Nigeria)
Uses: the bark is used for treating arthritis, sprain, stomach troubles; for eye and oral treatments and ebrifuges.
The root is used for treating brain and nervous disorders.

Tag no: 55
Botanical name: Dracaena mannii Bak.
Family: Dracaenaceae
Common names: asparagus tree, soap tree (English); tiolala (Senegal).
Uses:
The leaf is used for the treatment of pulmonary troubles, skin infections, oedema; and for oral treatments.
The plant is a source of dyes and stains.
Tag no: 56
Botanical names: Cordia millenii Bak.
Family: Sterculiaceae
Common names: drum tree (English); kyeneboa (Ghana); omo (Yoruba, Nigeria); oma (Edo, Nigeria)
Uses:
The stem is used for the treatment of fever, cough, stomach-ache, toothache; and as astringent.
The fruit contains aromatic substances.
Tag no: 57
Botanical name: Pycnanthus angolensis (Welw.) Warb.
Family: Myristicaceae
Common names: African nutmeg (English); faux muscadier (French); pycnanthus (Trade name); mene bantamo (Senegal); akomu (Nigeria).
Uses:
The seed are used for flavourings and spices.
The bark is used for the treatment of leprosy, diarrhoea, menstrual disorders and pulmonary troubles.
Tag no: 58
Botanical name: Pterocarpus osun Craib.
Family: Leguminosae
Common names: osun pupa, erhonbaro, ukpa (Nigeria).
Uses:
The timber is used for carpentry.
The bark exudation yields gums and resins, dyes and stains.
Tag no: 60
Botanical name: Spondias mombin Linn.
Family: Anacardiaceae
Common names: hog plum (English); masimaken (Cameroons); dale (Ghana); iyeye (Yoruba, Nigeria); tsaadar Lamarudu (Hausa, Nigeria); ijikara (Igbo, Nigeria).
Uses
The leaf and bark are used for the treatment of diarrhoea, leprosy, cancers; and as laxatives and vermifuges.
The wood yields dyes and stains; tobacco and snuff.

Tag no: 61
Botanical name: Tripolchiton scleroxylon K. Schum.
Family: Sterculiaceae
Common names: African maple (English); obeche (Trade name); ofa (Ivory Coast); kolio (Sierra Leone).
Uses:
The bark is used for the treatment of dropsy, oedema and gout.
The timber is used for carpentry.
Tag no: 62
Botanical name: Psydrax parviflora (Afz) Bridson
Family: Rubiaceae
Common names:
Tag no: 63
Botanical name: Erythrina sengalensis DC.
Family: Leguminosae
Common names:coral tree, parrot tree (English); arbre corail (French); ologbosere, lakale, majiriya, echichi (Nigeria)
Uses:
The root is used for the treatment of dropsy, oedema, leprosy, epilepsy and convulsions.
The foliage is used for composting.
Tag no: 64
Botanical name: Zanthoxylon leprieurii Guill. & Perr.
Family: Rutaceae
Common names: ata (Nigeria)
Tag no: 65
Botanical name: Voacanga africana Stapf.
Family: Apocynaceae
Common names: o-banawa (Ghana); kagil (The Gambia); pete pete (Igbo, Nigeria); ako dodo (Yoruba, Nigeria).
Uses:
The bark contains a fibre used in Southern Nigeria for making yarn.
The root is used for the treatment of precipitant parturition and painful hernias.
Tag no: 66
Botanical name: Maesopsis eminii Eng.
Family: Rhamnaceae
Common names: manasati (Ivory Coast); Igilogbo (Yoruba, Nigeria)
Uses:
The leaves are used as diuretic, emetic and purgative
Tannins and astringents are present in the leaves
Tag no: 67
Botanical name: Pentadesma butyraceae Sab.
Family: Guttiferae
Common names: butter tree (English); ajiappa (Ghana); lami (Guinea); otero lemu (Ivory Coast); oze (Igbo, Nigeria); orogbo erin (Yoruba, Nigeria).
Uses:
The seeds are anthelmintic.
The bark and root contain steroids and terpenes.
Tag no: 68
Botanical name: Piptadeniastrum africanum (Hook. F.) Brenan
Family: Leguminosae
Common names: African greenheart (English); dahoma (trade name); lollo (Guinea); agbonyin, ufi, kiriya kurmi (Nigeria).
Uses:
The timber is used for building materials and carpentry.
The stem twigs and leaves are used for the treatment of headache, enema, irregular menstruation; and as purgative and cardiac tonic.
Tag no: 69
Botanical name: Nesogordonia kabingaensis (Schuman)
Family: Sterculiaceae
Common names: redwood (English); apru (trade name); ayia (Ivory Coast); majaaga (Sierra Leone); opepe ira, otalo (Nigeria).
Uses:
The twigs are used for the treatment of dysentery, toothache; and to enhance pregnancy.
The tree is used for land conservation.
Tag no: 71
Botanical names: Artocarpus altilis (Park.) Fosberg.
Family: Moraceae
Common names: breadfruit (English); arbre pain (Fench); blofo akate (Ghana); buloy (Senegal); epa oyinbo (Yoruba, Nigeria)
Uses:
The bark is used for the treatment of skin infections.
The leaves are used for the treatment of dropsy, swelling and oedema.
Tag no: 72
Botanical name: Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv.
Family: Bignoniaceae
Common names: African tulip tree (English); akuakuoninsu (Ghana); diapelede (Guinea); okuekue (Edo, Nigeria); imi ewu (Igbo, Nigeria); oruru (Yoruba, Nigeria).
Uses:
The wood is used for making drums and musical instruments.
The bark is used for the treatment of stomach ache, cough, haematuria, urethral discharge, constipation and dysentery.
Tag no: 73
Botanical name: Ficus sur Forssk
Family: Moraceae
Common names: fig tree (English); petit sycamore (French); ibe (Senegal)
Uses:
The bark is used in the treatment of skin infections, fever and leprosy.
The bark contains alkaloids, glycosides, saponims, steroids, tannins and astringents.
Tag no: 74
Botanical name: Uapaca heudelottii Baill.
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Common names: rikio des rivieres (French); kutan (Ghana); rikio (Ivory Coast); oven (Edo, Nigeria); ibia ile (Igbo, Nigeria); akun (Yoruba, Nigeria).
Uses:
The wood is durable and suitable for carpentry, buildings and planks.
The root bark is used for the treatment of female sterility, food poisoning, rheumatism, piles; and for mouthwash and gargle for tooth troubles.
Tag no: 75
Botanical names: Canarium schweinfurthii Engl.
Family: Burseraceae
Common names: African elemi (Nig); incense tree (Eng), elemier d’ Afrique (French); bedi-wunua (Ghana); dollo (Guinea), atile (Hausa, Nigeria) ube ohia (Igbo, Nigeria), ako (Yoruba, Nigeria)
Uses:
The bark is used for treating black tongue, round worm, gonorrhoea, stomach, disorders, haemorrhoids and jaundice.
The wood is used for furniture, cabinetry, mortars and canoes.
Tag no: 76
Botanical name: Keetia sp Lam.
Family: Rubiaceae
Common names: keetia (English)
Uses:
The leaf is used for the treatment of arthritis and rheumatism.
The leaf, stem and bark are used for veterinary medicines.
Tag no: 77
Botanical name: Ficus capensis Thnb.
Family: Moraceae
Common names: African mustard seed, fig tree (English); opoto, farin bauree, anwerenwa (Nigeria)
Uses:
The leaves, stem, root and fruits are used for the treatment of dysentery, oedema, leprosy, epilepsy, rickets; respiratory disorders, gonorrhoea, infertility and to increase lactation.
Tag no: 78
Botanical name: Treculia africana Dec’ne
Family: Moraceae
Common names: wild breadfruit (English); afon (Nigeria)

Tag no: 79
Botanical name: Terminalia catappa Linn.
Family: Combretaceae
Common names: Indian almond (english); badamier (French); mbansan mbakara (Efik, Nigeria).
Uses:
The bark is used for the treatment of gonorrhoea, leucorrhoea, bilious fever and stomach cramp.
Sap from young leaves is used for treating scabies, leprosy and skin infections.
Tag no: 81
Botanical name: Mareya micrantha (Benth) Mull-Arg.
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Common names: Mareya (Eng); odubrafo (Ghana); nguangua (liberia); uhosa (Edo, Nigeria); oke oruma (Igbo, Nigeria)
Uses:
A single leaf in food is given after an abortion to remove the afterbirth
Tropical application of the bark is used for the treatment of leprosy, fractures, stiffness, sprains, lumbago and rheumatism.
Tag no: 82
Botanical name: Pterocarpus santalinioides L’ Herit
Family: Leguminosae
Common names: diagu (Senegal)
Uses:
The bark is used for oral treatments and stomach troubles.
The bark produces dyes, stains, gums and resins.
Tag no: 83
Botanical name: Holarrhena floribunda (G. Don) Dur. & Schinz.
Family: Apocynaceae
Common names: conessi, false rubber tree (English); sese (Ghana); ako ire (Yoruba, Nigeria); bakin mutum (Hausa, Nigeria); mba (Igbo, Nigeria).
Uses:
The tree yields a large number of alkaloids.
The root is diuretic and taken by men with urethral discharge.
Tag no: 84
Botanical name: Terminalia ivorensis A. Chev.
Family: Combretaceae
Common names: black afara (English); emiri (Ghana); bassi (Guinea-Bisau); kahuri (Ivory Coast); bai-ti (Liberia); badi (Sierra Leone); awunshin (Igbo, Nigeria); afara dudu (Yoruba, Nigeria); egboen-nebi (Edo, Nigeria).
Uses:
The timber is used for making planks, house-building, door and window frames. Its decorative graining makes it a desirable wood for high-class joinery, cabinetry, furniture and domestic uses.
The bark is used for treating ulcers, muscular and rheumatic pains.
Tag no: 85
Botanical name: Alchornea Cordifolia (Schum. & Thonn.) Mull-Arg
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Common names: Christmas bush (English); agyama (Ghana); cholei (Guinea); uwonmwe (Edo, Nigeria); bambami (Hausa, Nigeria); ubebe (Igbo, Nigeria); epa (Yoruba, Nigeria).
Uses:
The leaves are used as sedatives and for treating epilepsy, headache, sore-throat and conjunctivitis.
The pith is used for treating whooping cough, flu and bronchitis.
The root is used in medicines for blennorrhoea and gonorrhoea.
Tag no: 86
Botanical name: Homalium letestui Pellegr.
Family: Flacourtiaceae
Common names: duakowaboba (Ghana); teinpiando (Sierra Leone); akporo (Edo, Nigeria); akpurukwu (Igbo, Nigeria); abo ako (Yoruba, Nigeria).
Uses:
The wood is used for carpentry
The bark is used for the treatment of oedema.

Tag no: 87
Botanical name: Hallea ledermannii (K. Krause) Verdc.
Family: Rubiaceae
Common names: poplar (English); sozo (Ivory Coast); mboei (Sierra Leone); abura (Yoruba, Nigeria)
Uses:
The bark is used as pain-killer, ecbolics, antemetics; and for the treatment of fever, pulmonary troubles and skin infections.
The timber is used for carpentry, pulp and paper making
Tag no: 88
Botanical name: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn.
Family: Malvaceae
Common names: hibiscus (English); rose de chine (French).
Uses:
It is used as ornamental plant.
The flower is used for the treatment of paralysis, convulsions; and as abortifacients, laxatives and sedatives.
Tag no: 90
Botanical names: Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swimgle
Family: Rutaceae
Common names: lime (English);osan wewe (Yoruba, Nigeria); dankabuya (Hausa, Nigeria), epe nkirisi (Igbo, Nigeria)
Uses:
The leaves, stem, root and fruit are used for the treatment of fever, jaundice, abdominal ulcer, gonorrhoea, measles and scurvy.
Tag no: 91
Botanical name: Moringa oleifera Lam.
Family: Moringaceae
Common names: horse-radish tree, drumstick tree (English); ewe igbale (Yoruba, Nigeria); diaboy (Senegal).
Uses:
The root is used for the treatment of epilepsy, convulsions, pulmonary troubles, tumours; and for oral treatment.
Tag no: 92
Botanical name: Persea Americana Mill.
Family: Lauraceae
Common names: avocado pear (English); avocatier (French); abacateiro (Portuguese).
Uses:
The leaf and root are used for the treatment of pulmonary and stomach troubles.
The seeds are used for treating brain and nervous disorders.
Tag no: 93
Botanical name: Ixora coccinea Linn
Family: Rubiaceae
Common names: Ixora (Eng)
Uses:
The root is used as pain-killers, fabrifuges, sedatives, and for stomach troubles.
The plant is used for ornamental purposes

Tag no: 94
Botanical name: Stemonocoleus micranthus Harms
Family: Caesalpiniaceae
Common names: a hianana (Ivory Coast), erhanebeni (Edo, Nigeria), nre (Igbo, Nigeria)
Uses:
The bark produces gums and resins
The plant is used to enhance conception (pregnancy)
Tag no: 97
Botanical name: Pentadesina butyracea Sab
Family: Guttiferae
Common names: Butter tree (Eng), ajiappa (Ghana), oze (Igbo, Nigeria), orogbo erin (Yoruba, Nigeria)
Uses:
The root is used as vermifuges
The bark root contains glycosides saponins, tannins, and astringents, flavones
Tag no: 98
Botanical name: Piper guineense Schum and Thonn
Family: Piperaceae
Common names: West African black pepper (English); ata-iyere (Yoruba, Nigeria); ozeza (Igbo, Nigeria).
Uses:
The fruit, leaves, and seeds are used for the treatment of rheumatism, impotence, hypertension, and as antipyretic, anti-emetic anthelmintic, mental illness